The History of the Culture of War
What is culture and how does it evolve?
Warfare in prehistory and its usefulness
The culture of war in prehistory
Data from prehistory before the Neolithic
Enemy images: culture or biology
War and the culture of war at the dawn of history
--Ancient Greece and Rome
--Ancient Indus civilizations
--Ancient Hebrew civilization
--Ancient Central American civilization
Warfare and the origin of the State
Religion and the origin of the State
A summary of the culture of war at the dawn of history
The internal culture of war: a taboo topic
The evolution of the culture of war over the past 5,000 years: its increasing monopolization by the state
--1.Armies and armaments
--2.External conquest and exploitation: Colonialism and Neocolonialism
--3.The internal culture of war and economies based on exploitation of workers and the environment
--4.Prisons and penal systems
--5.The military-industrial complex
--6.The drugs-for-guns trade
--8.Control of information
--9.Identification of an "enemy"
--10.Education for the culture of war
--12.Religion and the culture of war
--13.The arts and the culture of war
Summary of the history of the culture of war
Adams, D. (1979) Brain Mechanisms for Offense, Defense and Submission, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2: 201-241. Available on the Internet at http://www.culture-of-peace.info/bbs/title-page.html
Adams, D. (1983). Why There Are So Few Women Warriors. Behavior Science Research. 18 (3): 196-212. Available on the Internet at http://www.culture-of-peace.info/women/title-page.html
Adams, D. (1986). The Role of Anger in the Consciousness Development of Peace Activists: Where Physiology and History Intersect, International Journal of Psychophysiology, 4: 157-164. Available on the Internet at http://www.culture-of-peace.info/psychophysiology/title-page.html
Adams, D. (1989). The Seville Statement on Violence: A Progress Report. Journal of Peace Research 26 (2): 113-121. Available on the Internet at http://www.culture-of-peace.info/ssov/title-page.html
Adams D. (1991). The Seville Statement on Violence: Preparing the Ground for the Constructing of Peace. UNESCO. Available on Internet at http://www.culture-of-peace.info/brochure/titlepage.html
Adams, D. (1992). Biology does not make men more aggressive than women. In Of Mice and Women: Aspects of Female Aggression, edited by K. Bjorkvist and P. Niemela, Academic Press, Inc., Pages 17-25. Available on the Internet at http://www.culture-of-peace.info/biology/title-page.html
Adams, D. (1995). Internal Military Interventions in the United States. Journal of Peace Research, 32 (2): 197-211. Available on the Internet at http://www.culture-of-peace.info/intervention/title-page.html
Adams, D. (2003). Early History of the Culture of Peace: A Personal Memoire. Available only on the Internet at http://www.culture-of-peace.info/history/introduction.html
Adams, D. (2006). Brain mechanisms of aggressive behavior: An updated review. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 30: 304-318. Available at: http://www.culture-of-peace.info/update/abstract.html
Adams, D. (2007). Letter to My Academic Friends, available only on Internet at http://www.culture-of-peace.info/letter/Letter_to_Academic_Friends.pdf
Adams, D. (2009) World Peace through the Town Hall: A Strategy for the Global Movement for a Culture of Peace. Available on the Internet to read or to mail-order at http://culture-of-peace.info/books/worldpeace.html
Adams, D (2009) I Have Seen the Promised Land: A Utopian Novel. Available on the Internet to read or to mail-order at http://culture-of-peace.info/books/promisedland.html
Air America website. http://www.air-america.org
Aptheker, H. (1943). American Negro Slave Revolts. International Publishers, New York.
Arkush E. and C. Stanish (2005) Interpreting Conflict in the Ancient Andes: Implications for the Archaeology of Warfare. Current Anthropology 46 (1): 3-28.
Arrian (86-146). Tactica. In Brian Campbell. (2004). Greek and Roman Military Writers: Selected readings. Routledge.
Bachofen,, J. J. (1861). Mother Right: An Investigation of the Religious and Juridical Character of Matriarchy in the Ancient World.
Bacon, D. (2000). School Testing: An Education-Industrial Complex Is EmergingPublished in the Oakland Tribune, Sunday, April 16, 2000 Available at: http://www.commondreams.org/views/041600-109.htm
Bell, G. (1996). The Basics of Selection. Chapman & Hall, New York and London.
Bennetts, S. (2002). Review of Human Rights in the Ancient World by Richard Bauman, Routledge Classical Monographs, London and New York, 2000. Available at: http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/AJHR/2001/11
Bernstein, C. (1977). The Cia And The Media: How Americas Most Powerful News Media Worked Hand in Glove with the Central Intelligence Agency and Why the Church Committee Covered It Up. Rolling Stone Magazine. Available on the Internet at http://carlbernstein.com/magazine_cia_and_media.php
Bible. King James Version.
Bonta, B. D. Website Peaceful Societies. Available on Internet at http://peacefulsocieties.org
Boulding, E. (1976). The Underside of History - A View of Women through Time. Westview Press.
Boulding, E. (2000). Cultures of Peace: The Hidden Side of History. Syracuse University Press.
Brownmiller, S. (1975). Against Our Will. Simon and Schuster.
Budholai, B. Environmental Protection Laws in the British Era. Available on the Internet at : http://www.legalserviceindia.com/articles/brenv.htm
Carneiro, R. L. (Ed.). (1967). The Evolution of Society: Selections from Herbert Spencer's Principles of Sociology. University of Chicago Press.
Carneiro, R. L. (1970). A Theory of the Origin of the State. Science, New Series, 169 (3947): 733-738.
Carneiro, R. L. (1987). Review of Development and Decline: The Evolution of Sociopolitical Organization by Henri J. M. Claessen; Pieter Van De Velde; M. Estellie Smith. American Ethnologist. 14 (4): 756-770
Chippindale, C. and Taçon, P. (1998). The Archaelogy of Rock Art. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Claessen,, H. J. M., Van De Velde, P. and Smith, M. E. (1985). Development and Decline: The Evolution of Sociopolitical Organization, New York: Bergin & Garvey
Claessen, H. J. M. And Skalnik, P. (1978). The Early State. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Cooper, J. M. (1980). The Army and Civil Disorder. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Curtis, J., Tallis, N. and André-Salvini, B. (2005) Forgotten Empire: The World of Ancient Persia, University of California Press, 2005
Daniel, J. (2002). Higher Education for Sale, editorial in Education Today, publication of the Education Sector of UNESCO. Available with critical commentaries at: http://www.swaraj.org/shikshantar/mceducationforall.htm
Davis-Kimball, J. (1997). Warrior Women of Eurasia. Archaeology Magazine, Volume 50 Number 1, January/February.
Deflem, M. (1999). Warfare, Political Leadership, and State Formation: The case of the Zulu Kingdom, 1808-1879. Ethnology 38 (4): 371-391.
Derthick, M. (1965). The National Guard in Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Divale, W. T. (1974). Migration, External Warfare, and Matrilocal Residence Behavior Science Research 9: 75-133.
Divale, W. T. and M. Harris (1976). Population, Warfare, and the Male Supremacist Complex, American Anthropologist. 78: 521-538.
Continued on next page
World Peace through the Town Hall
1) The difference between "peace" and "culture of
peace" and a brief history of the culture of war
2) The role of the individual in culture of war and
culture of peace
3) Why the nation-state cannot create a culture
4) The important role of civil society in creating a culture of peace
--Peace and disarmament movements
--Movements for human rights
--International understanding, tolerance and solidarity
--Movements for free flow of information
--The strengths and weaknesses of civil society
5) The basic and essential role of local government
in culture of peace
--Transparency and the free flow of information
--Education for a culture of peace
--Security and public safety
--Some ongoing initiatives
6) Assessing progress toward a culture of peace at the local level
--Tolerance and solidarity
--Inter-relationships among the various measures
--Culture of peace measurement at the level of the state
7) Going global: networking of city culture of
8) The future transition of the United Nations from
control by states to popular control through local governmental representatives
9) What would a culture of peace be like?