The Myth that War is Intrinsic to Human Nature Discourages Action for Peace by Young People
V. Acknowledgements and References Page 5

Title Page

I. Introduction
Page 1

II. Methods
Page 2

III. Results
Page 3

IV. Discussion
Page 4

V. Acknow-
ledgements and References

Page 5

Table I. Factors in Peace Activity
Pages 6

Table II. Activity Survey
Page 7

Table III. Correlations
Page 8

Table IV. Partialed Correlations
Pages 9

Table V. Three Studies
Page 10

Table VI. The Structure of Peace Activity
Page 11


For advice on experimental design and analysis, the authors acknowledge Dr. James Conley.


Adams, D.B. (1981). The use and misuse of aggression research. In P.F. Brain and D. Benton (Eds.), A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Aggression Research. Elsevier/North Holland Biomedical Press, pp. 531-544.

Adams, D.B. (1983). Why there are so few women warriors. Behavior Science Research 18: 196-212.

Adams. D.B. (1984). There is no instinct for war. Psychological Journal (Moscow), 5: 140-144.

Adams, D.B. (1986). The role of anger in the consciousness development of peace activists: Where physiology and history intersect. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 4: 157-164.

Adams. D.B. (1987). Psychology for Peace Activists. Advocate Press, New Haven.

Frank, J D. and E.H. Nash (1965). Commitment to peace work: A preliminary study of determinants and sustainers of behaviour change. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 35: 106-119.

Lagerspetz, K.M. (1985). Are wars caused by human aggression? In F.L. Denmark (Ed.) Social/Ecological Psychology and the Psychology of Women. Elsevier/North Holland Press, pp. 189-201.

Wahlstrom. R. (1985). On the psychological premises for peace education. 3rd European Conference, International Society for Research on Aggression, Parma, Italy.

Note added later: Results similar to those described here were obtained previously by the sociologist Donald Granberg (Granberg, D. 1975. War expectancy: Some further studies, International Journal of Group Tensions, 5: 8-25. Another study published in the same journal found that about half of all students worldwide believe that war is intrinsic to human nature (Eckhardt, W. Cross cultural theories of war and aggression, International Journal of Group Tensions, 2: 36-51, 1972).

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