Page 30

Title page


Foreward to 2002 edition

Chapter 1: The Anti-Imperialist League 1898-1902
Pages 3 - 4

Chapter 2: The People's Council 1917-1919
Pages 5 - 6 - 7

Chapter 3: The American League Against War and Fascism and the Emergency Peace Campaign 1933-1939
Pages 8 - 9 - 10

Chapter 4: The Progressive Citizens of America 1946-1948
Pages 11-12

Chapter 5: The "Mobes" against the Vietnam War 1966-1970
Pages 13-14

Chapter 6: The Nuclear Freeze Movement and People-to-People Diplomacy 1980-1990
Pages 15-16-17-18

Chapter 7: Global Movement for a Culture of Peace 2000-
Pages 19-20-21

Chapter 8: The Root Causes of War
Pages 22-23-24-25-26-27

Chapter 9: The Future of the Peace Movement
Pages 28-29-30-31

Pages 32-33-34-35-36

Page 37

Continued from previous page

A key question for the future of American peace movements concerns the alliances it makes.

One important alliance is with revolutionaries. This is important because in the long run, we need to abolish the entire war system and replace it with a culture of peace. Given the strong historical connection of the state to the culture of war, this is no less than a revolutionary task. In the past this alliance has been difficult because of the strong links of revolutionaries to their own version of the culture of war. Hopefully, however, future revolutionaries will learn from the mistakes of Soviet and other "culture of war revolutions" and commit themselves, instead, to non-violent revolution based on democracy, transparence, equality of women and solidarity instead of hierarchy, secrecy, male domination, violence and fear. If so, then a base can be laid for a powerful alliance between the peace movement and revolutionary change for social justice. Both sides would then be committed to a permanent, radical transformation in the structure and priorities of government, replacing its culture of war by a culture of peace.

Another set of potential alliances is with all those who work against violence at the level of the family and community. There is good scientific research showing that violence at the local and inter-personal level is greatly increased in countries with a strong culture of war, apparently because the government provides a model of violence which is followed by its citizens (note 18). To put it another way, the struggle to reduce violence in the family and community must include, if it is to be successful in the long run, a transformation of state policy to a culture of peace.

The culture of peace provides a basis for alliances with other movements as well, in which each of them struggles for a different, but complementary aspect:

•   Peace movements: disarmament, non-violence, tolerance and solidarity

•   Ecology movements: sustainable development

•   Trade unions and revolutionary movements: human rights and economic justice

•   Movements for democracy: democratic participation

•   Women's movements: women's equality

In addition there is one other aspect of a culture of peace, the free flow of information,. This is not associated with a particular movement, but it can make a powerful contribution to all of them. While secrecy and propaganda are essential to the culture of war, they are also a point of vulnerability. We can expect that as the institutional structures of the culture of war begin to disintegrate, people on the inside will begin to divulge its secrets, and with today's technology (Internet, etc.) the effects will be greater than revelations in the past (e.g. the release of the secret Pentagon Papers by Daniel Ellsberg which helped turn public opinion against the Vietnam War). As always, an informed and concerned citizenry is the bulwark of democracy and peace.

Continued on next page

previous page
home page
next page